Industrial Profile

FISHERIES department
Marine Fishing

Fisheries,Fish Landing The Economic backbone of this coastal District. Having a long coastal area, This District plays a major role in marine commodities. The marine ecosystem provides mankind with food, medicines, industrial products and pleasure. This ecosystem has to be maintained in a healthy state, if it is to provide people the benefits in a sustained manner. Natural, healthy ecosystems have evolved over millions of years, resulting in complex interactions of the environment and all the species living in them. Such interactions allow the optimal utilization of the ecosystem resources by a maximum number of species that includes the human beings. The waters along the Bay of Bengal coast of India are biologically very productive and possess several unique environmental features. However, little is known on the marine biodiversity resources along the Bay of Bengal coast near Sirkali Taluk, Nagapattinam District (Tamilnadu State). Numerous industries, chemical factories and aquaculture farms are also developing along this coast, which already threatens the mangrove forests and marine life along the coast in Sirkali Taluk. It is essential to s cientifically understand

The interactions between biodiversity and the environment in these waters, in order to conserve and protect the ecosystems for future generations. The Bay of Bengal coast where the proposed project site (Sirkali Taluk, Nagapattinam District), is located in Tamilnadu State, lies in the monsoon belt and receives high rainfall. In near-shore areas, the mixing of nutrient rich bottom waters and warm surface waters creates conditions similar to up-welling and the number and intensity of cyclones in the Bay of Bengal are likely to increase due to global warming. The input of freshwater and silt impacts the salinity of the coastal and estuarine waters as well as coastal circulation patterns. Some coastal areas serving as nursery grounds for commercially valuable species of prawns are polluted. The areas of critical biological diversity are the mangrove rich habitat along the coast of Nagapattinam District. Catamaran is a light watercraft and is named from the Tamil language words kaTTu ‘tie’ and maram ‘wood, tree’: simply two trees tied together.

The catamaran was the invention of the paravas, an aristocratic fishing community in the southern coast of Tamilnadu State, south India. Building a catamaran is a community affair in small fishing villages and it is a decentralized labor-absorbing activity. This also helps distressed people be occupied in creative ways. The traditional coastal-fishing is considered a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems

The Guidelines
Fisherfolk here have been instructed to carry Auto- Identification System enabled-Gl’S devices in fishing boats to facilitate easy tracking and rescue in the event of technical snags in mid-sea. This forms part of the slew of advisories issued by the Department of Fisheries in the light of the recent attacks on fisherfolk and incidents of missing fishermen. Fisherfolk have been strictly instructed not to breach the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) and outstation trawlers required to seek anchor permission from the Department of Fisheries to drop anchor within Nagapattinam waters. The advisories have also come in the wake of northeast monsoon that throws up incidents of boat capsize each year. Fishing boats have been advised to carry a radio in order to keep tab of monsoon advisories and return ashore in the event of cyclone warning. Fishing boats should ensure life buoys and life jackets, along with emergencyRow fo Fishing Boats gadgets such as cell phones, battery lights, whistles and 1 white cloth for signalling SOS s before venturing into the sea. Trawlers are mandated to fly the tri-colour, and should host in bold black letters the registration numbers of the trawlers. Further, the trawler should host fluorescent orange paint allotted for the district on either side, up to a height of 1to 1.5feet. Fishermen are mandated to carry along identity cards. All fibre-reinforced boats and country boats shall be duly registered by the Department of Fisheries, and the registration certificates carried along while fishing. Additionally’ all boats bought outside the district shall be produced before the Department for due process of registration before being put to fishing. Suspicious objects found on sea, or suspicious boats and persons found within the territorial waters shall be immediately communicated to the police and the Department of Fisheries. Fishermen are forbidden from taking along women and children into the sea. An advisory forbidding fishermen from venturing into search operations unilaterally on the lookout for missing boats in times of bad weather has also beeeen issued. Fishermen have been told to engage the coastal police and Department of Fisheries in search operations

Fish Marketing Societies (FMS)

Micro-Enterprise Development through SHGs

FishFish Auction Centre Marketing Societies (FMS) and micro-enterprise development through SHGs will be promoted through a programme by International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD), banks and the government to address the livelihood needs of coastal communities. The Rs. 299-crore project will be spread over eight years and available for the six coastal districts of Nagapattinam, Villupuram, Tiruvallur, Kancheepuram, Cuddalore and Kanyakumari. Among them, Nagapattinam will receive about Rs. 48 crore for its projects.

Speaking to The Hindu, Project Officer, Magalir Thittam, who is also in-charge of the IFAD project, said that seven Cluster Resource Centres (CRC) would be set up in the seven coastal blocks of the district from October 16. These CRCs would be manned by a co-ordinator, a facilitator and a business promoter. NGOs would also be roped in to spread awareness among people and work with the government on various projects, Ms. Suryakala said. Two NGOs, Sevalaya and Society of DMI, had been identified as facilitating NGOs for the projects, she said. District Collector said that the emphasis would be on providing them employment and financial security through FMSs and by encouraging new micro-enterprises.

We need to build self-reliant coastal communities who are resilient to shocks and can manage their livelihoods in a sustainable manner. This programme will provide these people means to achieve this end and also create infrastructure for sanitation, community development and enterprise development, he said. While IFAD will provide nearly 44 per cent of the funds required, the rest will be obtained from banks and micro-finance institutions, and the government, with the beneficiary contributing 15 per cent of the total cost. The Rural Development Department, Tamil Nadu Corporation for Development of Women, Revenue Department, and the departments of fisheries, agriculture and animal husbandry will provide support to the project.


The Second Major Economy

Nagapattinam District is a coastal District of Tamilnadu. It lies between 10.10° to 11.20° North latitude and 79.15° to 79. 50° East longitude. Seeding Field It is bounded by Bay of Bengal on the east the palk strait on the south, The Tiruvarur and Thanjavur District on the West and Northwest and Cuddalore District on the North. Nagapattinam District with an area of 2715.83 Square kilometres, still continutes to contribute its share in the production of Rice in Tamilnadu.

In order to ensure people’s friendly administration, the procedures and the details of schemes implemented for the welfare of the citizens, the activities of the department connected with the people of the state and the normal time taken for the implementation of such schemes have been consolidated and furnished below .

We have raised so many importantagricultural crop in our District. Rice, Groundnut, Pulses, Gingelly, Sugarcane and Cotton. The details of Normal are coverage are given below.

The Support Mechanism

J.D[Agri.] Office

In our country, majority of the population depend on Agriculture for their livelihood. The Department is taking proactive initiatives to increasing the Agricultural production to meet the demand of increasing population. Government is implementing various schemes to help the farmers to adopt new technologies for increasing the productivity of crops.

Department of Agriculture is taking intensive efforts to increase the Agricultural production by promoting advanced technologies like System of Rice Intensification, Precision Farming besides timely supply of quality inputs and also protect the farmers from natural calamities through National Agricultural Insurance scheme.

The Department also provides subsidies to farmers under various schemes towards distribution of quality seeds, micronutrients, plant protection equipments, farm machinery etc


Organisational Set up
  1. District Level

    Joint Director of Agriculture is incharge of all the activities at District Level. He is assisted by Deputy Directors of Agriculture State and Government of India Scheme.

    One Assistant Director of Agriculture [Quality Control] is positioned in the district for monitoring quality control aspects.

    In addition one Deputy Director of Agriculture [PPM] / Personal Assistant [Agri.] to the District Collector has been positioned to assist the Collector in overseeing the implementation of agricultural schemes and to coordinate with other departments for effective implementation of such schemes.

  2. Block Level

    At the block level one Assistant Director of Agriculture is incharge of all Agricultural Development activities and he is the Controlling Officer for all the Agricultural Staff at block level. He is assisted by Agricultural Officer, Deputy Agricultural Officer, Assistant Seed Officer and Assistant Agricultural Officers in extension activities, scheme implementation and procurement activities.


    State Agricultural Extension Management Institute [STAMIN] is situated at Kudumianmalai. Main objective of this Institute is to train the Technical Officers of the Department. Director [Additional Director of Agriculture] STAMIN is the Head of this Institution. He is assisted by two Deputy Directors of Agriculture, Four Assistant Directors of Agriculture and Five Agricultural Officers on various training aspects. There are two Hostels to accommodate the trainees two guest houses, Conference Hall, Library, Computor room with sufficient facilities.


  1. Scientific approach Taking efforts for uplift of the rural economy and reservation of ecological balance.
  2. based on the requirements of Agro climatic zones.
  3. To march towards second green revolution by increasing productivity, production and profitability.
  4. implementation of farmers welfare schemes such as Integrated Watershed Development, land management, development of water resources, organic farming especially use of green manure, bio fertilizer, bioconversion of agricultural wastes, bio pesticides and parasites. Integrated Pest Management, remunerative price to agricultural produce, processing, value addition to agricultural produce promotion of export potential crops, with a view to ensure economic improvement, besides rural prosperity
Details of Important Crops in District
Sl.No. Name of the Crop Normal Area in Hectare
1 RICE 1,54,945
3 COTTON 650
5 GINGELLY 2,950
6 GREENGRAM 17,130
7 BLACKGRAM 48,400
9 COCONUT 3,116



Extension Services
  1. The Assistant Agricultural Officers positioned at village level will visit each segment of the village once in 15 days. The farmers may meet him at the contact point for their requirements.
  2. The farmers may get their doubts clarified from their group Assistant Agricultural Officers or Agricultural Officers.
  3. If necessary, the Assistant Agricultural Officer may be taken to their fields to get technical guidance.
  4. Farmers may get benefited by adopting in their fields the technologies demonstrated by the Assistant Agricultural Officers in the evening village meetings.
  5. Agricultural Officer [Information and training] or Agricultural Officer [SMS] may be approached for solving the problems of pests diseases in the cropping.
  6. The concerned Agricultural Development Officer at the block headquarters may be contacted for relief measures during natural calamities like flood and drought.
  7. Soil analysis and irrigation water analysis can be done either through Assistant Agricultural Officer or directly depositing the soil/water samples duly paying the prescribed fees. If 100 or more samples either soil or irrigation water are to be analyzed at the same time, the mobile soil testing van may be requisitioned through the concerned Assistant Director of Agriculture
  8. The Agricultural Chemist may be approached through Assistant Agricultural Officer for reclaiming the saline and alkaline soils.
  9. The Agricultural programmes of Television and Radio may be utilized by the farmers for technical guidance in the cultivation of crops. The Joint Director of Agriculture of their district may be approached for taking part in agricultural programmes of Television/ Radio.
  10. For allied activities of agriculture such as Horticulture Development, Sericulture, Agricultural Marketing through regulated markets, cultivation loans through Co-operatives, the Agricultural Officers/ Agricultural Development Officers/ Assistant Directors of Agriculture may be contacted for guidance.
  11. A TANWA has been positioned in each Agricultural Division for training and technical guidance to farm women which conducts village based training, follow up visits and farm conference. Farm women may get benefited from the same.
  12. Farmers training centres are functioning in Kancheepuram, Tindivanam, Navlock [Vellore District], Dharmapuri, Salem, Bhavani, Kudumianmalai [Pudukkottai] Sakkottai [Thanjavur], Lalkudi [Trichy] Paramakudi [Ramanad] Tirunelveli and Tirupathisaram [Kanyakumari]. Each Farmers Training Centre conducts 22 village based training, 10 trainings for Farmer discussion group?s convenors 44 method demonstrations and 110 peripatetilc demonstrations in a year. Besides, farm news, question and answers, etc. programmes are conducted through Farm Radio Service. Further it conducts Farmer?s Festival, Study tour, etc.. These programmes may be best utilised by the farmers.
  13. Daily at 6.40 AM there is an exclusive programme :Uzhavarkallukku Oru Varthai” [A word to farmers] in the AIR through which the crop production messages, pests and diseases for warnings, etc. are broad casted for the benefit of farmers.
  14. Farmers Field School are conducted in 1400 locations under Integrated Cereals Development Programme-Rice and in 1100 locations under Integrated Cotton Development Programme each having a group of 25 farmers. The farmers around may get benefited either by participation or interaction.
  15. 50 Ha demonstrations are conducted one per each block participated by all departments under ministry of Agriculture which will benefit the farmers.
  16. A subsidy of Rs.6000/Ha, i.e. Rs.3000 per Ha for establishment of new coconut gardens and Rs. 1500 per year for subsequent 2 years for maintenance is available through Coconut Development Board under area expansion Programme. Farmers may get benefited.
  17. Crop Yield Competition are conducted at State Level and District Level. For paddy and groundnut, the first and second prizes at State level are Rs. 25000/- and Rs.15000/- respectively. For other crops it is Rs.8000/- and Rs.4000/- respectively. For Paddy and irrigated groundnut at district level the first and second prizes are Rs.8000/- and Rs. 4000/- and for other crops at district level Rs. 4000/- and Rs. 2000/- respectively. The farmers may take part in the competition and get benefited.
  1. Agricultural Extension centres are functioning at two per Panchayat Union. I.e. one at Panchayat Union head quarters and the other at a major place within the Panchayat Union jurisdiction [in some cases at a third place ]. All inputs dealt by Agriculture Department are distributed through Agricultural extension Centre for all their crop needs.
  2. The availability of inputs and the details of subsidy available may be known from Assistant Agricultural Officers concerned or Agricultural Development Officers of the Agricultural Extension Centre. These details are depicted in the information boards kept in the Agricultural Extension Centers.
  3. The Agricultural Development Officers of the concerned Panchayat Union may be contacted for arrangement of the seed farms.
  4. Micro nutrient mixtures intended for groundnut, gingili and sunflower are sold at subsidized cost in the Agricultural Extension Centers which may be availed of. 5. Similarly bio fertilizers for pulses and oilseeds are sold at subsidized cost in Agricultural Extension Centers for farmers use.
  5. The implements required fit day to day agricultural operation viz. Crowbar and mammutty are sold at 50%. The farmers may avail this till the scheme is completed.
  6. Quality coconut seedlings of Tall. TxD and DxT varieties are produced in 26 coconut nurseries. The Agricultural Extension Centers concerned may be approached for the farmers requirement.
  7. For the control of early shoot borer and inter code borer of sugarcane parasites are produced in 21 parasite breeding centers to cover 10500Ha. The farmer can make use of this facility.
  8. Clarification on the sale of fertilizers and pesticides at Government prescribed prices and quality standards can be had from concerned Assistant Director of Agriculture or Agricultural Officer [Quality Control] of his office.
  9. Eight lakhs Fertilizer identity cards will be issued to the farmers in 27 Agricultural Divisions to enable the farmers to get fertilizers in time at fixed prices through Co-operative Institutions.

The subsides and facilities made available during 1997-98 have been furnished below. These will be available to farmers during 1998-99 based on the decisions of Government of India and State Government at the same level or with some modifications. Reclamation of Saline and Alkaline lands as per soil test results.

Green manure Seed distribution
50% subsidy
Zinc Sulpahte
50% subsidy
Minikit of Rice
90% subsidy
Name of the Scheme
National Watershed Development Project for Rain fed Areas
Mini kit Distribution
Integrated Cereal Development Programme (Rice)
Intensive Cotton Development Programme -(Cotton)
Oilseeds Production Programme
National Pulses Development Programme
Accelerated Maize Development Programme
Crop Yield Competition
Coconut Seedlings Distribution
Coconut Black headed Caterpillar Eradication Programme
Incentive to Seed farming


  1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana | Crop Insurance Scheme[pmfby]

    Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) is the new crop damage insurance scheme that has been approved by the Union Cabinet in January 2016. It will replace the existing two crop insurance schemes National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and Modified NAIS. The new scheme will come into force from the Kharif season starting in June this year.

    1. Crops covered

      The scheme covers kharif, rabi crops as well as annual commercial and horticultural crops. For Kharif crops, the premium charged would be up to 2% of the sum insured. For Rabi crops, the premium would be up to 1.5% of the sum assured. For annual commercial and horticultural crops, premium would be 5 per cent. The remaining share of premium will be borne equally by the central and respective state governments.

    2. Insurance

      There will be one insurance company for the whole state. Private insurance companies will be roped along with Agriculture Insurance Company of India Limited (AIC) to implement the scheme. Losses covered Apart from yield loss, the new scheme will cover post-harvest losses also. It will also provide farm level assessment for localised calamities including hailstorms, unseasonal rains, landslides and inundation.

    3. Use of technology

      The scheme proposes mandatory use of remote sensing, smart phones and drones for quick estimation of crop loss. This will speed up the claim process.

    4. Other features

      Within next 2-3 years, the scheme aims to bring 50% farmers under the scheme. The settlement of claims will be fastened for the full sum assured. About 25% of the likely claim will be settled directly on farmers account. There will not be a cap on the premium and reduction of the sum insured.

    The PMFBY scheme implementation inagural function with the chairmanship of Hon’ble Handloom and Textile minister has been conducted at collectorate, Nagapattinam. Hon’ble Handloom and Textile Minister has addressed the farmer about the benefits of the PMFBY scheme.Hon’ble Handloom and Textile Minister has pointed out that different stages of crop and risk leading to crop loss are covered under the scheme. Insured area is prevented from sowing or planting due to deficit rainfall or adverse seasonal conditions. Comprehension risk insurance is provided to cover yield losses due to non-preventable risks like, drought, dry spells, flood, inundation, Pest and disease problem.

    Exhibition regarding PMFBY scheme has been installed at collectorate at the time of inagural function. Pamplets regarding benefits and guidelines of PMFBy scheme has been distributed to farmers.

    Power Point presentation has been made regarding guidelines of PMFBY has been made at the time of inagural function. District level monitoring committee has been formed with District Collector as Chairman. The following steps has been taken to promote the enrollement of farmers in PMFBY scheme in Nagapattinam.

    With the efforts 35304 Loanee farmers and 94768 Non-Loanee farmers have been enrolled under PMFBY. 47032 Hectares of Loanee farmers and 85237 Hec. of Non-Loanee farmers have been insured.

    The premium amount collected is for Loanee farmer Rs.317.27 Lakhs and for Non-Loanee farmers Rs.772.68 Lakhs. The sum insured for Loanee farmers is Rs.21401.91 Lakhs and for Non-Loanee farmers 53078.56 Lakhs.

    31603 loanee farmer and 83014 non-loanee farmer are enrolled through PACCS and 3701 lonee farmer and 4180 non-loanee are enrolled through Nationalized Banks and 7574 non-loanee farmer are enrolled through New India Assurance Company which is Nodal Insurance Company for Nagapattinam District. 1,30,072 farmers and 1,32,268 Hectares of area are totally covered under PMFBY in Nagapattinam District.